Periodontitis (Advanced Gum Disease)
Tooth decay usually occurs in dental dental checkouts. It is an inflammatory disease that mainly affects the tissue that holds the tooth. Learn more about Periodontitis (Advanced Gum Disease)
The thought of your teeth can loosen is probably completely unimaginable, but the fact is that more than one in ten people in Sweden suffer from periodontal disease.
Periodontal is usually a slow growing problem. If you do not receive treatment, it may take many years before your teeth are lost. Often, the severe symptoms occur only in the final phase, in the form of swelling, pain and dissolution of teeth.
Signs of periodontitis
The following symptoms may indicate beginning dental disease:
(Note that dental disease does not always give symptoms.)
• Light bleeding and aching gums
• The teeth feel loose
• The toothpaste between teeth changes
• Repeated bad breath
• Heavy gum that lasts
Tooth decay, poor oral hygiene, smoking, stress, hereditary factors and certain diseases are factors that can accelerate development.
Fresh gums do not bleed
A healthy tooth has legs that cover almost the entire root. Microscopic small threads attach the root to the bones and gums. The toothpaste protects the sensitive transition to the bone. Fresh gums do not bleed when cleaning, for example with toothpaste. If the plaques remain around the teeth, the gums may become inflamed. Then it will darken in color and bleed easier, hurt and can not pinch the teeth as well.
Toothbrush – a threat
Lacquer is the thin layer of bacteria and food residues that are constantly formed in the mouth. With proper cleaning, you can remove the plaques yourself. Along with the spit, plaque that can not be removed can be tartar. To remove it, a dental or dental hygienist is required. Old plaice and tartar can spread from the gums to the gum pocket, between the gums and the upper part of the tooth. Toothbrush can also be shaped in the pocket.
The evil circle
Gifts from certain bacteria in the mouth delay the tissue around the tooth. This tissue defends itself through inflammation, the body’s natural defense, which attempts to fight the bacteria and their toxins. Sometimes the inflammation also breaks the tooth’s attachment. The leg around the tooth slowly pulls back and more tooth decay disappears.
Slowly, the pocket becomes deeper – a bad circle has started. There is now room for more tartar and more bacteria. At the end of the game when almost all the bones around the teeth disappear, the tooth becomes looser. Inflammation is now extensive and usually swelling and pain occur.
An untreated tooth with deep pockets is soon considered a strange object of the body. Finally, the tooth is released and loosens. The gums may then grow over the leg and the infection disappears. But a tooth has been lost.
Tooth loss, periodontitis, can be detected and treated early. Therefore, it is important to visit the dentist regularly.
In a routine examination at the dentist, a number of things are checked. Among other things, there is the risk of dental loss. This diagnosis is based on a detailed examination of teeth and gums. The patient’s history of illness and information about possible medication is also important. Based on the survey, the dentist can then assess the degree of the disease.
An inflamed gum may be the beginning of periodontitis. Typical signs of an infected gums are that it bleeds in the gums to touch and is soft, shiny and dark red instead of knobbed and pale pink. During the dental test, the incidence of inflammation is recorded for each tooth.
The dentist also records plaque. Plack is not visible to the naked eye and occurs especially in areas that are difficult to access. Sometimes a color solution is used to color the plaques to make it clearer. If you have or suspect few periodontal dysfunction, higher oral hygiene requirements are required. Removing plaques is the most important measure to prevent spread, and you can do this yourself. The plaque registration provides a good picture of the exposed areas, and if the treatment is repeated regularly, you can see how oral hygiene is better periodontitis.
The pocket depth is measured to assess which stage of the disease is. This section of the survey also gives an indication of how much bracket may be lost.
With a narrow graduated probe, the pocket depth is measured. Carefully lower the probe to the bottom of the pocket. Usually the pocket depth is between one and four millimeters, but varies from tooth to tooth and between different places around the tooth. Filling depth is recorded and can then be compared with later values during and after treatment.
A tooth is not completely stuck in the jawbone. Tooth attachment to the bone consists of small threads that hang in. This suspension causes the teeth to cushion and of course a small movement.
If you wake up to a healthy future, you will feel normal movement, degree 0. The highest mobility, grade III, means your teeth twist more on a healthy front, you will feel their normal mobility, degree 0. The highest mobility, Class III, means that the teeth twist several millimeters in all directions, even up and down. Such a tooth usually does not save. The teeth’s mutual relationships are also important. Increased mobility can sometimes be due to the fact that some teeth bite against each other in the wrong direction and too hard.
With the X-ray, the dentist can, among other things, assess how many legs are left, how the teeth roots look and whether there are infections and diseases in the mouth that can adversely affect the prognosis. Sometimes one can also see how much tartar is present. To investigate and treat periodontitis there should be x-rays on all teeth. The images are always stored for at least ten years and serve as a help when the dentist in the future will investigate how the disease develops.